¿Qué es y para qué sirve el INPC?

¿Qué es el Índice Nacional de Precios al Consumidor (INPC)?

El Índice Nacional de Precios al Consumidor (por sus siglas INPC) es un indicador económico de los precios de un grupo de productos o servicios adquiridos por la población de manera regular que mide a través del tiempo cuanto han variado estos.

El INEGI, a partir del 15 de julio de 2011, es la entidad facultada para elaborar y publicar los indices nacionales de precios, anteriormente era una facultad del Banco de México

Qué es el Índice Nacional de Precios al Consumidor (INPC)

¿Para que sirve el INPC?

El INPC sirve principalmente para conocer el ritmo en qué aumentan los precios y aplicar medidas para frenar este aumento, conocido como inflación, que es un fenómeno que se observa en la economía del país y está relacionado con el aumento desordenado de los precios de la mayor parte de los bienes y servicios.

Además de su utilización como medida de la inflación, el INPC tiene las siguiente utilidades:

Como AUXILIAR

  • En el cálculo de pagos de intereses, montos de alquiler, contratos privados y precios de los bonos que suelen estar indexados al INPC.
  • En la determinación de los incrementos salariales, los montos de las jubilaciones y las prestaciones de seguridad social.
  • Para las autoridades financieras y hacendarias del país en el diseño y evaluación de las políticas monetarias y fiscales, orientadas a procurar la estabilidad del poder adquisitivo de la moneda nacional y unas finanzas públicas sanas.

El INPC  es DETERMINANTE

  • Del valor de la Unidad De Inversión (UDI).

Empleado como FACTOR

  • De actualización de los créditos fiscales.
  • De actualización de valores nominales y como deflactor del Sistema de Cuentas Nacionales de México.
  • Para actualizar la Unidad de Medida y Actualización (UMA).

Otros usos

  • Referente en negociaciones contractuales.
  • Herramienta estadística para empresas e investigadores.

 

INPC Histórico

Histórico Índices de Precios al Consumidor
Período: Ene 1969 – Jun 2020
Mensual, Índice base segunda quincena de julio 2018 = 100

 ENEFEBMARABRMAYJUNJULAGOSEPOCTNOVDIC
2020106.447106.889106.838105.755106.162106.743------
2019103.108103.079103.476103.531103.233103.299103.687103.67103.942104.503105.346105.934
201898.79599.17137499.49215799.15484798.9940899.37646599.909100.492100.917101.44102.303103.02
201793.60388294.1447894.72248994.83893394.72549494.9636495.32273695.79376896.09351596.69826997.69517498.272883
201689.38638189.77778189.91000189.62527889.22561589.32402889.55691489.80933390.35774490.90615491.61683492.039035
201587.11010387.27537787.63071787.4038486.96736687.11310887.2408287.42487587.75241988.20391988.68546889.046818
201484.51905284.73315784.96529284.80677984.53557984.68207284.91495985.21996585.5963486.06962686.76377887.188984
201380.89278281.29094381.88743381.94152381.6688281.61923881.59219381.82432882.1323482.52298883.29226583.770058
201278.34304978.50231478.54738978.3009878.05381978.41366778.85389779.0905479.43911979.84103680.38343780.568243
201175.29599175.5784675.72345175.71744175.15926475.15550875.51610775.63555575.82111376.33271277.15833377.792385
201072.55204672.97167173.48972573.25556572.79397872.77118372.9291973.1317573.5151173.96892674.56158174.930954
200969.45614969.60949470.0099570.2549970.05035870.17935470.37051670.53888470.89271671.10719171.47604671.771855
200865.35056465.54483466.01989166.17012766.09863566.37216866.74205967.12749267.58493568.04548668.81894269.295552
200763.01620863.19234763.32911363.29129562.98253463.0581763.32600563.58399664.07770364.32740564.78122165.049056
200660.60362660.69635860.77251260.86161760.59067560.64299860.80929461.11960961.73661262.00651962.33185762.692424
200558.3091658.50343158.76712158.97641558.82825158.77178359.001859.07225559.30900659.4545859.88249360.250312
200455.77431756.10794556.29807156.38303256.24160356.33174556.4793956.82804157.29791757.69474758.18689958.307088
200353.52544153.67412254.0129354.10514453.9305653.97511254.05333954.2154954.53823854.73820755.19254255.429811
200250.90047250.8677551.12794851.40723551.51142951.76258651.91118152.1085652.42198452.65303653.07887753.30993
200148.57547648.54332848.85088849.09730949.2099749.32636449.19820249.48968849.95038150.17613550.36514950.434899
200044.9308345.3293845.58068145.84001846.01137946.2839246.46446646.71978547.06107247.38513647.79028848.307671
199940.4697741.01364341.39468441.77457742.02587742.30200642.5815842.82125543.23501843.50885143.89577644.335516
199834.00392434.59923835.00453335.33204235.61348136.0344236.38187836.73163237.32737637.86226938.53278639.472974
199729.49888629.99459830.36788930.69597230.97611931.25095731.52321131.80350232.19961332.45694132.82004233.279875
199623.32975423.87426224.39982625.0934525.55084225.96690226.33603126.68607227.11275127.45116827.86708328.759336
199515.37699116.02870716.97361718.32613319.0920919.69802420.09958820.43298120.85564321.28476221.80960822.520167
199413.95037514.02212414.09422514.16325114.23168214.30289514.36632714.43328714.53593714.61224514.69036114.819204
199312.9773213.08334513.15959413.2354813.31113713.38579713.45012313.52211213.62226113.67797313.73830213.843055
199211.65777811.795911.91594812.02217112.10143812.18334512.26027212.33559212.44289712.53249412.6366212.816553
19919.8838810.05642510.1998410.30668810.40744210.51664810.60958410.68342310.7898510.91534311.18637411.44968
19907.7760377.952128.092318.2154728.3588388.5429398.6987358.846958.9730619.102069.3437239.638214
19896.3490246.4351846.5049456.6022246.6930996.7743856.8421486.9073336.9733937.0765257.1758557.41803
19884.7182465.1117835.3735475.5389415.6461095.7612925.8574575.9113435.9451395.9904866.0706546.197316
19871.7044011.8273861.9481532.1186062.2783252.4431462.6410222.8568723.0450813.2988453.5605114.086392
19860.8340920.8711740.9116670.9592631.012571.0775671.1313331.2215311.2948121.3688241.4613041.576735
19850.5027110.5235960.5438850.5606210.5739020.5882760.6087630.6353770.6607520.6858520.7174950.76634
19840.3127280.3292320.3433040.3581560.3700320.3834230.3959930.4072490.419380.4340340.4489290.467996
19830.1803550.1900340.1992320.2118460.2210340.2294040.2407460.2500910.2577870.2663410.2819830.294047
19820.0858660.089240.0924990.0975120.1029930.1079540.1135170.1262560.1329950.139890.1469630.162656
19810.0656150.0672270.0686650.0702130.0712750.0722710.0735440.075060.0764560.0781530.0796570.081801
19800.0513420.0525290.053610.0545470.0554370.0565360.0581150.0593190.0599780.0608860.0619420.063567
19790.0422370.0428450.0434260.0438150.0443890.0448810.0454250.0461120.0466780.0474930.0481040.048956
19780.0358920.0364080.0367870.0371960.037560.0380770.0387230.0391090.0395550.0400340.0404460.040789
19770.0300270.030690.0312250.0316970.0319760.0323680.0327340.0334050.0339980.0342580.0346320.035112
19760.0233190.0237550.0239880.0241560.0243250.0244230.0246290.0248650.0257130.0271610.0283880.0291
19750.0208160.0209310.0210630.0212410.0215250.0218910.0220660.0222570.0224190.0225340.0226920.022877
19740.0176530.0180520.0181910.0184380.0185830.0187660.0190380.0192390.0194570.0198430.0203940.020553
19730.0142460.0143630.014490.0147190.0148760.0149980.0153820.0156290.0160010.0162060.0164060.017043
19720.0133620.0134030.0134760.0135610.0135880.0136890.013740.0138310.0138940.0139040.0139940.014042
19710.0127990.0128520.0129010.0129670.0129940.0130530.0130430.0131620.0132050.0132180.013240.013303
19700.0121980.0121960.0122320.0122480.0122740.0123480.0124090.0124660.0124960.01250.0125680.012674
19690.0115950.0116360.0116480.011680.011680.0117210.0117660.0117790.0118890.0120140.0120150.012106